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 Urinary Tract Infections are surprisingly common in Nigeria. Men, women and even children can be affected but in general, females are more susceptible.

A study conducted showed a 39.69% prevalence, with women having a 3 to 17-fold increased risk of acquiring UTI, than their male counterparts.

What exactly is a Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. It is often caused by bacteria

UTIs are more common in women, but they can affect anyone.

Why are women more susceptible to UTIs than men?

1. Anatomical Differences: The female urethra is shorter and closer to the anus, providing bacteria with easier access to the bladder.

2. Hormonal Influences: Hormonal changes, especially during menstruation and menopause, can affect the balance of protective bacteria in the urinary tract.

3. Sexual Activity: Intercourse can introduce bacteria into the urethra, increasing the likelihood of infection.

4. Pregnancy: Changes in the urinary tract during pregnancy can contribute to a higher susceptibility to UTIs.

5. Hygiene Practices: Proper hygiene is essential, as improper wiping or the use of irritating products can contribute to UTI risk.

What are the common signs of a UTI?

1. Frequent Urination: An increased urge to urinate, often with minimal urine output.

2. Burning Sensation: Pain or a burning sensation during urination is a typical symptom.

3. Cloudy or Strong-Smelling Urine: Changes in urine colour or odour can indicate an infection.

4. Pelvic Pain: Discomfort or pressure in the lower abdomen or pelvic region.

5. Urgency: Feeling the need to urinate urgently, even when the bladder is not full.

6. Hematuria: Presence of blood in the urine, visible or detected through laboratory tests.

7. Fatigue and Discomfort: Generalized fatigue and a feeling of overall discomfort

Are UTIs sexually transmitted?

In Nigeria,  UTIs are often mistaken for sexually transmitted infections but in truth,  UTIs are not contagious like STIs are. They are caused by the entrance of bacteria into the urethra and other parts of the urinary system.  A UTI cannot be transmitted to one’s sexual partner.

UTIs are often also called “toilet disease” due to the belief that they can be gotten from sharing toilets. In truth, merely sitting on a toilet seat is hardly responsible for a UTI.  Holding urine,  dehydration and  birth control  are more common causes

How can I be sure I have a UTI?

As with many other infections, the only way to be sure you have a UTI is by getting tested. 

If you experience any of the symptoms listed earlier, there’s no need to worry just got see a doctor or visit the clinic for assiatnce


 Are UTIs treatable?

While the symptoms are usually noticeable, it is important to get a test done before beginning treatment.

UTIs are very treatable.

If a test confirms the presence of an infection, doctors are on hand to provide treatment and any assistance you may need on your health journey.